Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Cultural Experience Essay

1. The exhibition hall I visited was the Smithsonian memâ orial holocaust gallery in DC. 2. The exhibition hall had exceptionally instructive realities of the difficulties looked for survivors of the holocaust. There are numerous instructive pieces all through the gallery. 3. After entering the holocaust exhibition hall, you will see the diminish lights and spooky sounds originating from the speaker. Likewise, the walkway is really a course of events starting with WWI. There are numerous ancient rarities of casualties in plain view. 4. Strolling through the gallery, I felt a great deal of regret and feelings for the casualties of the Holocaust. The most powerful snapshot of the visit is a heap of shoes worn by the people in question. The shoe heap is stacked high and ranges in numerous sizes. I was enthusiastic of the experience since it demonstrated me a genuine case of men, ladies, and kids guiltlessly murdered for an extreme thought. 5. During week two of our group, we had found out about the distinctions of religion and the way of life it brings. We additionally examined about the difficulties individuals would confront dependent on their religion. I think this connection with my theme for this report. The test Jews had looked during the holocaust had left an engraving ever. They were out casted in the vast majority of focal Europe during the Nazi standard. I likewise accept that the Holocaust connects to the conversation of humanities since it is an actual existence exercise that had a significant effect ever. It has shown us the criticalness of what an extreme thought can do and how it influences individuals. 6. Here is a connect to the â€Å"ID cards† utilized in the gallery yet can likewise be discovered on the web. Assortment of shoes found in the Smithsonian Holocaust Museum. 7. This experience had truly influenced my emotions toward decimation casualties. I felt loads of regret and misery for the individuals who needed to persevere through the agonies of the holocaust. With this experience, I see the human culture of the past to be distinctive of todays. I accept as time advances, and the learning of past errors, we attempt to and turn out to be progressively positive of morals. 8. Despite the fact that this experience doesn't straightforwardly influence me, I see a greater amount of what is happening far and wide. My experience here as made me fully aware of massacre and the repulsive impacts of what it can do to a populace. During WWI and WWII, there were numerous passings on account of a radical ideological man, Adolf Hitler. He was the incomparable pioneer of the Nazi powers and had imagined to run the world. Beside the passings of battle, there was a mass destruction of honest Jews which represented in excess of 5,000,000 passings. A considerable lot of the casualties ran from the most youthful to the oldest with executions of the most terrible way possible. Numerous Holocaust remembrances were worked far and wide to help individuals to remember the brutal occasion to which the Jews needed to persevere. My involvement with the Smithsonian Holocaust Museum was fascinating. I have just known about the Holocaust in grade school and course readings. Anyway coming here, I was hit with a major effect of feelings from the showcase of collectibles from the person in question. In the historical center there are credible photo and curios utilized and worn by Jews during the massacre. With huge amounts of data and recordings, I had a feeling that I saw increasingly more the anguish the casualties needed to persevere. I likewise learned of the torment gadgets utilized by officers to murder the people in question. Relentless techniques, for example, gas chambers, fire pits, and demise crews are just a couple of the numerous strategies utilized during the mass decimation. Strolling through the historical center, I saw the most persuasive segment as a room loaded up with old shoes heaped high. I was especially centered around it on the grounds that the shoes were worn and utilized by genuine casualties in inhumane imprisonments. The shoes were gathered after the executions and were reissued to different detainees who might go through. It was a hard sight to see since a portion of the shoes had dried blood which meant the torment they had experienced. I was truly dumbfounded withâ the sight. Destructions are as yet happening today everywhere throughout the world. Despite the fact that the boycott of massacre is a universal law made by the Geneva Convention, mass killings have since proceeded after the holocaust. The most eminent spots are in provincial Africa. Numerous casualties are living in consistent dread in view of their faith in their religion.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Characteristics of Psychopathic Personalities

Attributes of Psychopathic Personalities Sociopaths are unequipped for feeling blame, regret, or compassion for their activities or the objects of their activities. They are commonly shrewd and manipulative. They realize the distinction among good and bad however dont accept the standards concern them. First Encounter With a Psychopath On initial introduction, maniacs by and large seem enchanting, connected with, mindful, amicable, sensible, and sensible, with very much idea out objectives. They give the feeling that they can reason, that they know the ramifications for introverted and unlawful conduct and willâ react properly. They seem fit for self-assessment and will criticizeâ themselves for botches. Under clinical assessment, maniacs dont showâ common side effects related with masochist conduct: apprehension, high uneasiness, agitation, temperament swings,â extreme exhaustion, and migraines. In circumstances that most typical individuals would discover upsetting, insane people seem quiet and drained of dread and tension. An About-Face Initially,â psychopaths appearâ reliable, gave, and dependable, in any case, out of nowhere and without incitement, become problematic, with no respect for how their activities influence the circumstance, paying little mind to its significance. Once saw as genuine and earnest, they do an abrupt turn around and start lying without concern, even in little issues when there is no advantage in lying. Since insane people have aced the craft of double dealing, everyone around them are delayed to acknowledge the sudden change. At the point when insane people are defied with their absence of obligation, trustworthiness or devotion, it for the most part has no effect on their demeanor or future execution. They can't see that others valueâ truthfulness and trustworthiness. Cant Accept Responsibility for Failure Maniacs transform into entertainers who can mirror typical human feelings that they have never felt. This remains constant when theyre confronted with disappointment. In the event that they give off an impression of being unassuming and own up to their slip-ups, their actual objective is to be seen as the saint or symbol of atonement ready to acknowledge fault so others dont need to. On the off chance that the ploy falls flat and they are accused, they will vehemently reject any obligation and, without feeling disgrace, go to falsehoods, control, and blame dispensing. At the point when sociopaths cannot persuade others that they are honest, they rage and fixate on it, frequently mumbling wry remarks and plotting retribution. Risky Behavior With No Gain Solitary conduct cheating, lying, looting, taking, upsetting, battling, submitting infidelity, murdering requests to maniacs, regardless of whether they procure any rewards. They seem attracted to high-chance introverted conduct that has no obvious objective. A few specialists speculate that maniacs like to place themselves into hazardous circumstances on account of theâ adrenaline surge they experience. Since mental cases for the most part dont feel numerous feelings that ordinary individuals do, any extraordinary sensation feels better. Others accept that they do it to strengthen their feeling of prevalence and over demonstrate that they are more astute than everybody, including the police. Loathsome Judgment Despite the fact that sociopaths are sensible masterminds and view themselves as exceptionally clever, they reliably display terrible judgment. Confronted with two ways, one to gold and the other to cinders, the insane person will take the last mentioned. Since maniacs cannot gain from their encounters, they are inclined to taking a similar way over and over. Egocentric and Unable to Love Maniacs are exceptionally egomaniacal, to the point that aâ normal individual experiences issues appreciating it. Theirâ self-centerednessâ is so profoundly established that it renders them unequipped for adoring others, including guardians, mates, and their own youngsters. The main time insane people give a normal reaction to grace or exceptional treatment by others is the point at which it very well may be utilized to further their potential benefit. For example,â a psychopathic dad despite everything adored by his kids regardless of the deepâ suffering he has caused themâ may put on an act of thankfulness with the goal that they keep on placing cash into his jail record or pay his lawful charges. Ordinary Treatment Empowers Psychopaths Most examinations show that there are no customary strategies to fix psychopathic conduct. At the point when customary strategies have been utilized, mental cases become empoweredâ and respond by improving their shrewdness, manipulative techniques and their capacity to cover their actual character, even from prepared eyes. Contrast Between Psychopaths and Sociopaths Mental cases and sociopaths share a finding as having withdrawn character issue and comparative attributes, yet there are huge contrasts. Sociopaths are increasingly misleading and manipulative and keep up more power over their outward personas. They can lead what seem, by all accounts, to be typical lives, some of the time all through their lifetime. At the point when maniacs become hoodlums they accept they are more intelligent than the normal individual and strong. Sociopaths regularly let their inward fury surface with vicious scenes, verbally and genuinely. They become foolish and unconstrained and have little authority over what they state or how they act. Since they are motivation driven, they once in a while think about the outcomes of their activities. It is hard for sociopaths to live ordinary lives, and in light of their lack of caution a significant number of them drop out of school, cannot hold occupations, go to wrongdoing, and end up in jail. Which Is More Dangerous? Sociopaths make some troublesome memories concealing their issue, while insane people value their manipulative capacities. Maniacs are bosses of disassociation and more averse to feel blame or regret for their activities or for the agony that they cause others. Along these lines, maniacs are viewed as more risky than sociopaths. Source: The Mask of Sanity, by Hervey M. Cleckley

Friday, August 14, 2020

Spring Admission Notes #1 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

Spring Admission Notes #1 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog With the spring admission deadline only a month away I thought I would spend a few entries to elaborate a bit on the time line and details related to spring admission to our MIA and MPA programs.   I will offer my thoughts on compiling the best application possible in a different set of entries, these entries will be more about the   nuts and bolts of the process.   First off will be a few notes about the submission of documents and the time line. The deadline to submit materials for spring admission is October 1st.   This means everything needs to be submitted on the application site or received in our office by October 1st at 11:59:59 P.M.   As a reminder, 100% of your application materials can be submitted online and this is our preference.   The reason is that this allows us to print your application all at one time without having to complete a matching process which can be time consuming. Related to the deadline, applicants are directly responsible for submitting all of their information except for letters of recommendation.   Without fail, the biggest hindrance to completing an application on time each year is the on time submission of letters of recommendation.   Every year near the deadline we receive panicked emails from applicants informing us that for some reason a letter of recommendation will not be in by the deadline. With this in mind, do everything in your power to ensure that letters of recommendation are submitted on time.   My advice is to ask the recommenders to submit the recommendation a minimum of one week prior to the actual deadline.   Thus it would be wise to reach out to these individuals and and ask them to submit the letters by September 24th. We prefer that recommendation letters be submitted online because as I stated, we print the application all at one time.   If all of the letters are submitted online, they print with the rest of your application.   If the letters are mailed, we print your application and if the letters are not present, we have to then look to see if the letters were received by mail which takes additional time. As a reminder, everything else can be self reported online by the application.   Applicants self report test scores on the application and upload all of the required documents.   We do not require that official test reports be received in our office by the admission deadline.   More details on what happens after the deadline passes in future entries.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Fast Food Vs Healthy Food Essay - 1120 Words

Fast food has been an extremely evident food supplier in the past 10 years, so I have decided to investigate further into the fast food world. I am looking into the â€Å"battle† between fast food and healthy food, and why fast food is so cheap compared to healthy food. There’s something about fast food, I have just been so passionate about it, and have always wondered what’s in fast food and why is it so inexpensive. I feel like fast food ingredients and prices should be expressed to the public, in which why fast food products are sold for so cheap. Addressing the products ingredients, and why their ingredients are so heavily processed is most definitely important for people’s health. Fast food restaurants such as McDonald s and Burger King†¦show more content†¦Obesity is associated with many respiratory problems, â€Å"A recent study published in the journal thorax suggests that children who eat fast food at least three times a week are at incr eased risk of asthma and rhinitis, which involves having a congested, drippy nose.† (Pietrangelo) In addition, fast food also affects the central nervous system, studies show that eating fast food can be linked to depression. â€Å"People who eat fast food are 51 percent more likely to develop depression than those who eat little to no fast food.†(Public Health Nutrition) On the other hand, there’s healthy foods that are much higher in nutrients, and satisfaction, not to mention they are a lot more expensive. Healthy foods contain ingredients such as fiber, vitamins, and antioxidants, these foods can help prevent diseases like type two diabetes and cancer. Healthy foods have many advantages compared to fast food. Things such as carbohydrates and fiber are important to contributing to a healthy diet. Fiber is very important for digestion for proper digestion plenty of fiber is needed. Additionally, healthy foods have many more benefits to the human body. â€Å"Diseases such a cancer, type two diabetes, and heart disease are more so prevented while eating healthy foods compared to eating fast food.† (Robinson) As well, healthy foods are able to support your day to day activities, they are also able to â€Å"protectShow MoreRelatedDifferences Between Home Cooked Meals And Fast Food1121 Words   |  5 PagesIn this essay I will discuss the similarities and differences between home cooked meals vs. fast food in terms of one being healthier, can eat both at home, cost, variety of choices, and speed. II. Healthier Home cooked meals Fast food III. Can eat both at home Home cooked meals Fast food IV. Cost Home cooked meals Fast food V. Variety of choices Home cooked meals Fast food VI. 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Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Organisation and Management Critical Analysis - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1899 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Contents Introduction Motivation Teamwork Conclusion Recommendations Reference listing Introduction Business and Culture students were given out a compulsory assignment that consisted of an oral presentation for thirty minutes with a group of five members. The concepts of the assignments were chosen by the tutor and were randomly distributed in the class. The concept our group received was à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“China: The Case of Appleà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ , we were given a goal of investigating how international firms and cross-cultural management are affected in two different countries. Our group decided to investigate the obstacles, negatives and disadvantages of an international firm and cross-cultural management. Our group consisted of five members that have not worked together before as a team, we had a variety of members that studied different majors such as international business, finance, communication and psychology. This group work is marked as a group mark therefore; interaction, participation and co operation were key elements to this assignment. This critical analysis will defin e characteristics of teamwork, motivation and leadership theories by using the empirical group work experience as a case study and will interpret the obstacles and challenges that were faced while working as a team by using theoretical perception and perspectives to support the issue. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Organisation and Management: Critical Analysis" essay for you Create order Motivation Motivation is a force received internally or externally to a person or a group that arouses enthusiasm, persistence and positive energy to achieve a certain action, purpose or goal that one desires (Samson, Catley, Cathro Daft, 2012). Motivation rewards are intrinsic or extrinsic, intrinsic rewards are emotions and feelings of self efficacy and self satisfaction a person receives during a process of action, whilst extrinsic rewards are given by another person such as the pleasure of helping others resulted in a certificate of good will (Samson et al., 2012). According Porter, Bigley and Steers (2003), social cognitive theory (SCT) plays an important factor for motivation, SCT consists of basic human capabilities (1) symbolizing, (2) forethought, (3) vicarious learning, (4) self regulation and (5) self reflection. These basic human capabilities mobilizes the cognitive process and perceptions of achieving ones desires through self efficacy, dedication, reflection and individual beli ef are executed which produces enthusiasm, persistence and positive energy which contributions to work motivation (Porter, Bigley Steers, 2003). For example, when our group received the concept of our assignment, they showed little interest into what importance does the assignment played for the other members in the group or themselves. I felt concern as I major in another study, I have no background knowledge of what business in a specific or general content meant. In addition, our group communication and interaction in general was extremely poor. By applying Porters et al., (2003) SCT, I began to immediate symbolize the importance of this assignment for me as an individual before consulting others opinions of this assignment. After symbolizing the importance of this assignment I began to communicate with my peers as a group, to share the importance of this assignment as an individual to myself and to see the response I receive if they agree. The response from my group was positiv e, we all agreed on achieving this assignment, though we lacked the motivation to achieve a high grade for this simple assignment. Another member spoke out the importance of this assignment to them as an individual and that she needs to achieve A or A+ grade and wants the group to work as a team effectively and efficiently. Samson et al., (2012) the expression of oneà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s behavior may influence anotherà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s behavior. This response from our group member made everyone alert, as a group if one member fails to contribute to the team it will negatively affect the groupsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ interaction and communication which may arouse conflict, distrust and social exclusion within the group. We slowly discussed with one another by encouraging the members that this assignment is achievable with a grade of A or A+ if we work together as a team effectively, our poor communication and interaction barriers slowly disappeared and the members began to express themselv es with concern and nervousness with oral presentations and fears of standing in front of people. Samson et al., (2012) states in order for people to be motivated there are necessary requirements that need to be met which are physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem and self actualization needs. Equal or fair treatment in a group also known as equity focuses on how individuals view themselves being treated compared with others in a group (Barrick Mount, 2013). Equity plays an important role of performance and self esteem for the members in a group; people evaluate equity by the input of contribution to the assignment, the distribution of task. For example, after discussing our concerns about the oral presentation we began to encourage and motivate one another by ensuring that our group can achieve this goal. We agreed on dividing the task equally and fairly but picking a number out of a box of one to five, everyone was given a chance to choose selectively what and how they want ed to contribute to the group. This raised the group morale as a team to work effectively and efficiently. Our group faced no obstacles in terms of group treatment and equity due to our encouraging members, the membersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ perceptions of one another gave themselves more self confidence in contributing and expressing themselves openly, rather than socially excluding themselves in group discussion by remaining silent. Equity can increase or decrease a person work efforts through encouragement and motivation, positive response and positive feedback reduces stress levels and raises self esteem and work effort, equity can also change their perception (Barrick Mount, 2013). Goal setting encourages people to achieve a single or multiple purposes within their reach through positive and informative feedback, goal settings allows people to set standards from themselves as an individual or as a group to achieve a certain action or to work towards to (Tabassi, Ramli, Hassan Baka r, 2011). Our group goal was to achieve a A or A+ grade mark as a group together, in order to achieve this we had to communicate and interact with one another to understand their perception and perspectives of this assignment and encourage them to contribute to the group. Our first group goal was speaking in front of a class, in order to achieve this goal, we occasionally had group meet ups and talked aloud in front of one another whilst everyone pays attention to the reader, taking turns the group members whom were nervous about the assignment slowly began to gain confidence and started to contribute more to the group and express themselves. We also divided the task equally and fairly one another, we ensure that everyone had similar to fair amounts of contributions requirement from each other and to help one another if they are in need. Teamwork Teams or group work are units of two or more people collaborating together on a common task, goal or purpose that is set to be achieved (Hoegl, 2005). A common identity and goal is formed as the members of the team perceive one another and themselves before constructing social roles within the group (Hoegl, 2005). There are two types of groups, small and large groups. Small groups are more informal and less structured, functions effectively without a designated leader, more cohesive and greater chance of individuals participating in the group work whilst, large groups are formal and rules are adopted to keep order, leader maintains order and performs efficiently, more skills and resources are needed, and more in group or cliques (Sohmen, 2013). My group consist of five people which is considered a small group, it less formal than a team and is less structured, there is a limited amount of resources and skills involved or required in a small group and there is no need for a designat ed leader. A healthy team consists of the following characteristics such as trust, healthy conflict, commitment, accountability and results orientation (Samson et al., 2012). As stated in the previous paragraph, our group slowly began to express themselves truthfully with each other, we gained each others trust and felt comfortable sharing our concerns, ideas and contributed to the group discussion. We experienced a healthy conflict during the process of organising the presentation in a power-point slide, some of the members power points slides conflicted and overlapped another members, though they were designated to do different task, they collected similar information which overlaps the presentation, therefore they resolved the problem by discussing the importance of the information for their task and removed and replaced any irrelevant similarities in the presentation. A dysfunctional team consists of lack of trust, fear of conflict, lack of commitment, avoidance of accountabilit y and inattention to results (Samson et al., 2012). My team did not face any dysfunctional characteristic throughout the process of making the presentation; however we did face obstacles of expressing and trusting one another in the beginning of the assignment. We did not all have one single goal of achieving and had different perceptions about the assignment which pose could have posed a serious situation if we did not slowly start communicating to one another and motivating each other. Conclusion In conclusions, Samson et al., (2012) motivation is an important factor that needs to be considered while working as a group or as a team. Motivation can encourage members of the team to produce productive results with encouraging feedbacks and support and can provide positive energy which raises the morale of the team to work in an efficient and effective manner. A team consists of two or more people with the same goals interacting with one another to achieve the desired outcome as well as accepting and recognizing the other as part of a team. (Sohmen, 2013). According to Sohmen (2013), group and team work characteristics differ from one another which can create difficult situations to adapt especially if the team characteristic is dysfunctional instead of effective. Sohmen (2013), argues that a dysfunctional team can gradually become an effective team through motivation and effective communication and interaction with one another. Recommendations For future recommendations, for a productive and efficient group work or team, always remain objective to the purpose of the team or group and interact, communicate with one another effectively to build relationships with one another with trust and commitment to establish equity and self esteem in one another. Encourage one another in difficult situations and be alert of those who socially and individually exclude themselves from the group work, encourage them to participate and show interest and recognize them as a member of a team rather than the social outcast. Reference listing Barrick, M., R., Mount, K., M. (2013). The theory of purposeful work behavior: The role of personality, higher-order goals, and job characteristic. The Academy of Management Reviews, 38(1), 132-153. doi:10.5465/amr.2010.0479 Hoegl, M. (2005). Smaller teams à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" better teamwork: How to keep project teams small. Business Horizons, 48(3), 209-214. doi:10.1016/j.bushor.2004.10.013 Porter, W., L., Bigley, A., G., Steers M., R. (2003). Motivation and Work Behaviour (7th ed.). Retrieve from Samson, D., Catley, B., Cathro, V., Daft, L., R. (2012). Management in New Zealand. South Melboure, Australia: Cengage Learning Sohmen, S., V. (2013). Leadership and Teamwork: Two sides of the same coin. Journal of IT and Economic Development, 4(2), 1-18. Retrieved from Tabassi, A., A., Ramli, M., Hassan, A., Bakar, A. (2011). Effects of training and motivation practices on teamwork and improvement and task efficiency: The case of construction firms. International Journal of Project Management, 30(2), 213-224. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2011.05.009 1

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

PSTD And The Effects It Causes Free Essays

The psychological wounds of war present a situation where individuals are often mimes forgotten, unaddressed, and underrepresented-especially those who are suffering from the postgraduates stress syndrome, they are also struggling with the transition back to normal life and work. Literature Review: EST. Defined. We will write a custom essay sample on PSTD And The Effects It Causes or any similar topic only for you Order Now Examining the impact of military trauma on a veteran’s life remains in an infant stage with respect to knowing all that must garnered (Stutter, 1995). Accountability, sustainability, and treatment are far from being complete. Not only do diagnostic and treatment paradigms need to be made available to those veterans who suffer from PITS, but a support system must be identified and structured to as well. Family and friends have to learn that they must be proactive in their understanding and support of the military veteran who have been diagnosed with PITS disorder. Notwithstanding the fact that people who have been in military combat and suffer from PITS, there has been reported a direct relationship between the disorder and negative physical health as well such as non-specific EACH abnormalities and theoretically defects and infarction’s. Jackson’s, 2004). Although not extensively researched there are indications that PITS is related to some gastrointestinal and musculoskeletal dysfunctions as well. However, the psychological factors resulting from PITS has been researched more extensively and several treatments modalities have been used. These treatment methods include, but not limited to, c ognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodrama therapy, group therapy, spectrographically therapy, as well as several experimental approaches utilizing seniority and Asian approaches. Dietrich, et al, 2000). Regardless of the treatment program employed to treat people with PITS all must concentrate of the protective factors surrounding the veteran, namely, the individual his or herself, the family, and friends or peers. As stated in Chapter 1 of Comers book entitled Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology (2005), the road to better mental health for individuals suffering from any abnormal disorder rests with the community-based interventions and short-term therapy. With respect to the PITS veteran what is at stake is to increase self-esteem, self-efficacy and those skills needed to cope with stress brought about by PITS via therapeutic intervention that is community related (support) and short-term goal oriented. The therapies generally used, according to Comer (Chapter 5) are usually multi-modal to include a combination of medication, psychotherapy, ND cognitive-behavioral intervention. As said earlier some Asian and sensory-motor therapies are used as well. In order to accomplish this goal the individual must attempt to reestablish bonds of trust with family members, increase communication abilities, and begin to strengthen ties with peers and friends in pro-social activities and those involving the re-establishment trust and intimacy. Without a great deal of attention given to these protective features the risk factors for continued or strengthening of EST. is greatly increased. Those risk factors include, but are not limited to, continued excessive and realistic fears, social isolationism, family conflict, avoiding coping style, and interpersonal discord. Whether or not an untreated stress disorder can and will lead to a more debilitating disorder such as schizophrenia (Chapter 12) has not been researched to the point wherein definite conclusions can be drawn. As such those individuals who have been diagnosed as PITS patients, but not treated, with respect to military combat service need to be re-evaluated to determine the possibility of having a much more serious disorder. As PITS is a relatively new diagnostic category for the American Psychiatric Association, and for all those involved the diagnosis and treatment of the disorder, a great deal more investigative research must be conducted to determine its long-term effects on the individual, on society, and even on the country political and economic balance. What is the alarming fact that knowing EST. does indeed exist the research annals are void of cited programs used to prevent PITS in military, or any other high risk occupation. It is one thing to diagnose and treat a disorder, yet another to install preventative measures to deal with situations that can lead to PITS. In edition, a literature review failed to locate any supportive materials as to how the government will deal with those returned military service people who will capitulate, involuntarily to PITS. What is desperately needed is a before and after military service program that focuses on strategies to assist military personnel to adjust to a new environment (I. E. Combat) as well as to re-adjust to a returning home environment. Such programs would have the crux of their efforts facilitative and proactive approaches that assist the person with a range of personal and relationship issues. In addition for those military response re-locating to foreign bases should be involved in multicultural professional workshops and culturally sensitive caregivers should contact these workshops and preventative treatment programs. This is especially true for those people who are now serving in Iraq and other combat active regions. From involvement in Vietnam some 30 years ago our society has fallen short in supporting those who risk their lives for our nation’s well-being. Attempting to shed light on a disorder that has political, psychological, and sociological components is not an easy task. Isolating each area is arduous hen attempting to look at only one Of the aforementioned variables with reference to PITS in veterans-male and female alike. There is even research to suggest that PITS is a very real veteran disorder, all efforts should ensure to treat not only those who have served their country but plan and implement strategic initiatives on a preventative basis. For those individuals serving in Iraq the need for mental health support before entering the combat theater and while in combat is a move we cannot afford not to take. A war that has touted to be over in a few months has now dragged on for overall years and longer. As a result the cultural sensitivity initiatives before and after entering a foreign country must somehow be integrated into the war theater on a preemptive move. In other words, plan now or pay later. These EST. veterans also have to learn how to live back in society and handle work day to day. With only about half of veterans suffering from PITS seeking treatment (Tangential Jaycee, n. D. ), transitioning back to everyday life can be difficult for returning soldiers in a variety of ways, including the workforce. There are a multitude of conditions that can arise from PITS that make rotational employment more difficult for a veteran suffering from PITS. Researchers name some of the issues as memory loss, lack of concentration, stress (which can incorporate or be separate from panic attacks, flashbacks and emotional extremes), and inability to work well with supervisors or coworkers, and sensitivity to sounds and lights that can result in physical distress such as headaches (Babble 2012). All of these present challenges for employers, but can be managed as veterans look to adjust to a more traditional civilian life and work on managing their PITS symptoms with treatment. Memory loss is one of the main effects associated with PITS. Perhaps one of the key problems with this as it relates to traditional employment is that PITS does not only impact long-term memory, but can have an effect on a patient’s day-to-day life. Researchers have found that memory loss’ â€Å"effects on daily functioning and treatment are of primary concern†¦ And reduce the resources available to PITS patients when coping with life’s demands† (Samuelsson, 2011, p. 351 ). This can impact employees from the moment they are hired throughout the duration of their employment. Veterans suffering from PITS may struggle with training, as numbering what they have just learned may prove difficult, and may also have trouble in meetings, remembering tasks and assignments, and how to use equipment they are unfamiliar with. There are suggestions for employers on how to make such complications easier on the workers, including budgeting for more training, writing minutes from or tape recording meetings, posting written directions for complicated equipment and providing the employee with a task list that can be checked off. Much like memory loss, a lack of concentration can be extremely challenging for both an employer and the worker. A study out of Yale University found people who buffer from PITS tend to forget instructions even after hearing them multiple times, and typically are forgetful about where they have placed their possessions (Brenner, 2000). This can interfere with workplace tasks, especially in busy offices with potential distractions. To help combat the effects of lack of concentration for veterans with PITS, America’s Heroes at Work, a division of the U. S. Department of Labor, suggests employers should aim to reduce as many possible distractions near the employee, by allowing sound machines or music, changing the lighting or creating a private workspace to keep the individual on task. While memory loss and lack of concentration are relatively similar in terms of their effects on veterans with PITS, there are several other symptoms that may be more difficult to help manage as an employer. Patients tend to suffer from stress as a result of p T SD, which can include flashbacks to the traumatic event or events that triggered the disorder. Researchers argue that six major factors can help veterans overcome, or at the very least manage, stress associated with the effects of PITS: practicing altruism, having a positive outlook, maintaining an active coping lifestyle, getting exercise, seeking support from friends and Emily, and being flexible in responses to negative situations (Hoagland, Cooper, Southwest, Charley, 2007). Veterans suffering from PITS-induced stress may struggle as unforeseen daily problems arise on the job and could have a difficult time as new responsibilities are added. Stress could also play a role in absenteeism (Huge, Territorial, Castro, Messes Engel, 2007) as veterans with PITS are not immune to experiencing triggers with their symptoms outside of their work environ meet that could have a secondary impact on work. Stress can also contribute to another common symptom of P T SD: recurring panic attacks. An employee may worry that these episodes will reflect negatively on them in the workplace; therefore, an employer would be best served by having a plan in place for handling this situation should it arise to help with the comfort of the veteran and other coworkers. Additionally, a respectful and solid relationship between an employee and a supervisor is often critical for a productive workplace, which can sometimes be affected by a veteran suffering from PITS. Not only is the veteran likely not used to the traditional structure of a work environment as compared to the ranks of the military, but other symptoms of P T SD can trigger a negative action in a potentially frustrated employee. For example, an employee suffering from PITS-induced memory loss who cannot perform a basic task that was explained to him or her earlier in the day may become overwhelmed or upset, and could lash out at or blame the supervisor, or having a generally negative reaction that could interfere with workplace morale and working relationships. Bosses are encouraged to make the transition easier on the worker by providing as much information in writing to serve as a reference as possible, and give positive reinforcement to the employee. Similarly, conflicts an arise between coworkers and veterans that may not occur between civilian employees. It is critical to understand what is causing the tension: it is coming from stress, memory loss, lack Of concentration or another possible symptom of PITS? Coworkers should all receive some form of training on disable ¶y’ awareness to help them make the best decisions in a potentially uncomfortable situation. Employers can also help diffuse tension before it begins by accommodating the veteran’s needs as best as possible, whether that be with a private workspace, allowing for music to be played during the day, or initiating techniques for managing stress. Finally, another key workplace concern for veterans with PITS is hypersensitivity. This is defined as being anxious around large crowds and unknown areas, startling easily, and being sensitive to lights and sound. These symptoms can trigger physical reactions in soldiers, from headaches and migraines to more severe responses like panic attacks. In the workplace, this can present problems for a veteran because there is a certain lack of control over things like lighting and noises. An employer can provide alternative lighting for a worker who may be sensitive to bright office lights, and can also help with private accommodations when possible. Coworkers should be sensitive to a veteran who may be prone to being startled when interrupted. Transitioning from life in a war zone to life in the civilian United States is likely difficult for all of the more-than two million men and women who have served overseas, but it can be made increasingly hard when adding PITS symptoms to the mix. With at least 20 percent of veterans reporting symptoms, it is paramount for employers to be aware of how to help manage a soldier’s medical concerns in the workplace. Veterans with this disorder will add unique issues to a work environment likely not seen as frequently in civilian employees. Worries about transitioning well into an every-day job may even have the effect Of enhancing some PITS symptoms for certain veterans, depending on how they are affected by the disorder. Therefore, both veterans and employers should be responsible for having candid discussions regarding the patient’s experiences with the disorder, and how the work environment is likely to impact symptoms, in order to give both the company and the veteran the best chance to succeed as the soldier embarks on a new life as a civilian in the United States. The impacts of war have proven their significance to our service men and women. How to cite PSTD And The Effects It Causes, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

International Business The Globalization of Inequality

Question: Describe about the International Business for The Globalization of Inequality. Answer: Introduction A review of Trends and Perspectives of Globalization is done by the authors, Tiffany Bishop, John Reinke and Tommy Adams of Sam Houston State University in the Journal of International Business Research, in Volume 10, Number 1 of 2011 edition. The article Globalization: Trends and Perspectives seeks to address how the globalization has created drastic effects on the economy and trade policies, all across the world. The problem addressed in the review contains the brief history of globalization, the trends in the recent times and various perspectives on the globalization process. It also addresses the influence over the political status, technologies and transportation and other activities within a nation. The abstract clearly states that even though the internationalization has increased the transfer of capital, communication links, and importance of trade and trade policies; there has been an increase in the political challenges. The authors have provided proposals for the future that contains a set of rules to be placed, the way of handling political issues and prevention of globalization from making its way too further. Summary Critique The authors have presented the transformation and results of the globalization process since the past three decades. There has been an increase in internationalization, which has led to a need for increased rules and regulations in the economy. History The globalization started soon after the connections between humans and when there was trading done by the explorers of Europe. There was no rapid increase in the trade until the period of 1970 and 1980. It started with the improvement and evolution of technologies and liberalization of the policies of government. In addition, the International Monetary Fund and World Bank have helped countries to internationalize themselves to a greater extent. However, as per the present scenario, globalization process is declining and being at a standstill as per the current economic trends, which is discussed in the later parts of the journal. Trends of Globalization The noteworthy trends of globalization are discussed which are: Increase in the Technology and Transportation: Globalization has helped improvement in the availability of technologies and transportation facilities. Evolution in technologies has made the communication process healthy and efficient. The convenience in transport facilities has helped reduction in cost of transportation. The main growth stages between 1970 and 1993 noticed an increase of fifty percent mobilization in Europe. The convenience of transportation breaks the barriers between trades among various countries and helps in the marketing of technological activities. The digitalization has also helped the growth and development of the process of globalization. With the advent of the telecom industry, there has been an ease in the communication process. Meetings, e-mails and various other methods of exchanging informations has become easy and cost effective (Fujita and Thisse 2013). In the above point, the writers have focused on the effectiveness of the innovation in the technologies and transportation facilities. The convenience and cost effectiveness of transportation and communication is a major boon for a nation to enter and develop the globalization process. All the other writers are satisfied with the above stated points of the writers of this journal. They agree that the telecom and transport industry has become cost effective with the inclusion of numerous amounts of nations and participants (Montobbio and Sterzi 2013). So, there is no bias on the part of the writers and the content is easily understandable. Liberalization of Governmental Trade Policies: The authors have explained the major role of a government in setting up the standards and over viewing, the international trade structure. The capacity of the government to facilitate investments determines the likelihood of a companys globalization. The main role of the government consists of creation of an effective market structure through the incorporation of efficient business laws and corporate governance. It provides an effective marketplace for the allocation of resources and assets (Kovak 2013). For the growth of economy, the liberalization is much needed and required. The United States, in the recent years have increased the participation in the organization and a number of legislations were passed which intended to regulate the trade and financial aspects of a business enterprise (Pinheiro et al. 2014). The new regulations have made the trading more fluent, for the United Nations, as the new nations are able to make affordable products for the citizens of the country. According to the authors, to attain competitive advantage in the world of globalization, it is important for the countries to make an active participation in the agreements of trade (Hirst et al. 2015). Also, to achieve the benefits, the government should cover liberalism in both the developed and developing nations. The authors do believe that, for the increase in the worthiness of the stakeholders, financial capital must be exceeded in an organization (Pianta 2014). The main consideration of this point is to gain liberal policies and Governmental trade policies. The other writers have agreed to the consent of the writers. A writer says that the free flow of capital has lead to an explosion of greater technologies, trading and the financial markets (Buttel and Gould 2015). Thus, the writers are successful in proving their point of consideration as there are no rejections or disagreements on the part of the other authors and writers. Increase in the inequalities of nations The richer countries are getting wealthier and the poorer are continuing to grow poorer. Thus, the result of globalization has been an increase in the inequalities of nations and countries. As per the writers, a study provided the statistics, which mentioned that, the majority of the Gross domestic Product is controlled by just twenty percent of the worlds richest population and the other eighty percent controls only a minor amount. Also, about eighty two percent of the worlds exports are controlled by the richer sections of the population (Mah 2013). The writers are not satisfied and they predict the increase of commerce on a steady and active basis. A writer says that the globalization will not leave alone the poor countries, as there is a great reduction of borders of trade across the world. The reforms are helping the nations to integrate into the global world and reduce the inequalities between the nations already present in the global market (Jaumotte et al. 2013). As per the other writers, the developing countries have augmented the reduction of poverty and also enhanced the growth of the economic conditions and policies. Thus, the nations, which follow right and integrated policies, can definitely succeed from the globalization process. Thus, when developing countries gain knowledge about such growth and enhancement, they will not lag behind in joining the globalization policy (Kaplinsky 2013). This, is a disagreement on the part of the other directors, as the journal writers have complained about the inequalities created by the globalization, whereas, the other writers have supported the participation of developing and poorer companies, in globalization. A study also describes the factors, which creates a positive impact on the growth of the economy (Bourguignon 2015). The major point of discussion is that even though few researchers think the globalization procedure, a total failure towards attaining the developed structure, by the poorer countries; there are majority of researchers against such proposition placed. The countries must create stabilized market conditions by improving the human resources. This will enhance the quality of the organizational activities undertaken. Even, the governmental controls and needs must be effective towards the utilization of making policies and deliverance of the services of the public (Bourguignon 2015). In addition, the globalization creates benefits for all nations, which are involved together for the common goal and objective. Inequalities of Incomes between Citizens of A Single Nation Along with increase in the inequalities, arose the low income rate of the citizens which consisted, mainly the labor class. The rapid changes in the technological aspects have resulted in the loss of labor and thus, helped in spreading of inequality among the citizens. The poor people suffer the challenges of economy like, inflations, wage and salary rates divergence and many more. The unskilled workers are unable to secure their jobs and the lower skilled and efficient workers are facing the problems of unemployment. The individual incomes are unequal in comparison to the inter company incomes, on an average (Benera et al. 2015). The other writers do not agree and support the viewpoints, as there are positive aspects of globalization for the poorer group of people. There have been various reforms in the past, which had been undertaken in order to protect the poor from inflation and other harsh impacts of the economy (Milanovic 2016). Perspective of the non occurrence of Globalization The majority of the writers and researchers believe that the globalization has become stable and not occurring or growing anymore. Both the supporters and non supporters believe in the political policies and approach to be the reason of the non occurrence of globalization (Spiegel 2013). Reversibility of Globalization The writers believe that the globalization process has lead to both good and bad ideas incorporated within the economy. Bribery, poverty and inequalities has inculcated within the economy across the world, but also positive factors such as technological and medical discoveries has resulted in the societal improvement and development (Schneiderman 2013). Thus, the writers believe that the entire process would require huge modifications like the opportunity creation for everyone with equality, democratic state, and development in a sustainable form. There must be creation of fair rules and regulations along with greater responsibility on the shoulders of the citizens and other socio-economic policies (Chibba 2014). Hence, there was no bias on the part of the writers on the point of reversible globalization structure. Conclusion Thus, the above article proved to be useful in understanding the positive and negative impacts of the globalization act. Firstly, the increase in the technology and transportation facilities have lead to cost effectiveness, which has improved globalization process and policies among all the nations. The changes in the economic conditions and policies have created inequalities among the nations and within the nations, between the richer and lower class group of people. The various perspectives from different individuals have been summed up in the above paragraphs, wherein the reason of occurrence and non occurrence has been defined to be the results of governmental policies and regulations. Lastly, the writers have presented the affects of the globalization, both in a positive and negative manner and also the results incurred, which seems to be irreversible. To modify, a huge list has been defined by the writers, which has been expressed and described above. Thus, it can be concluded that the act of globalization had completely been involved in the transformation of the nations and businesses processes and policies. References Benera, L., Berik, G. and Floro, M., 2015.Gender, development and globalization: economics as if all people mattered. Routledge. Bourguignon, F., 2015.The globalization of inequality. Princeton University Press. Buttel, F.H. and Gould, K.A., 2015. Global social movement (s) at the crossroads: Some observations on the trajectory of the anti-corporate globalization movement.Journal of World-Systems Research,10(1), pp.37-66. Chibba, M., 2014. Globalization and international business as interdependent phenomena.Global Policy,5(4), pp.477-479. Fujita, M. and Thisse, J.F., 2013.Economics of agglomeration: cities, industrial location, and globalization. Cambridge university press. Hirst, P., Thompson, G. and Bromley, S., 2015.Globalization in question. John Wiley Sons. Jaumotte, F., Lall, S. and Papageorgiou, C., 2013. Rising income inequality: technology, or trade and financial globalization?.IMF Economic Review,61(2), pp.271-309. Kaplinsky, R., 2013.Globalization, poverty and inequality: Between a rock and a hard place. John Wiley Sons. Kovak, B.K., 2013. Regional effects of trade reform: What is the correct measure of liberalization?.The American Economic Review,103(5), pp.1960-1976. Mah, J.S., 2013. Globalization, decentralization and income inequality: The case of China.Economic Modelling,31, pp.653-658. Milanovic, B., 2016.Global inequality: A new approach for the age of globalization. Harvard University Press. Montobbio, F. and Sterzi, V., 2013. The globalization of technology in emerging markets: a gravity model on the determinants of international patent collaborations.World Development,44, pp.281-299. Pianta, M., 2014. Slowing Trade: Global Activism Against Trade Liberalization.Global Policy,5(2), pp.214-221. Pinheiro, D., Chwieroth, J.M. and Hicks, A., 2014. Do international non-governmental organizations inhibit globalization? The case of capital account liberalization in developing countries.European Journal of International Relations, p.1354066114523656. Schneiderman, D., 2013. 'Introduction'to Resisting Economic Globalization: Critical Theory and International Investment Law.Resisting Economic Globalization: Critical Theory and International Investment Law (Palgrave Macmillan 2013). Spiegel, J.M., Labonte, R. and Ostry, A.S., 2013. Understanding globalization as a determinant of health determinants: a critical perspective.International journal of occupational and environmental health.